The Annual Inflation Rate rebounded in September, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics report.
- Annual inflation was 5.39% in September, 5.25% in August, 5.37% in July, and 5.39% in June.
- CPI Index rose from 273.567 in August to 274.310 in September.
- Monthly Inflation for September was 0.27%, August was 0.21%, and July was 0.48%.
- Next release November 10th
Inflation for the 12 months ending in September was Up from August.
Since the BLS rounds to 1 decimal place, they reported June and July as 5.4% and August as 5.3%. So September is once again at June levels.
The last time inflation was this high was the 5.60% of July 2008. Before that, we have to go back to the 6.29% of October 1990 to find a higher peak. The resistance line (pink) between those peaks is currently being tested. A little over a year ago, May 2020’s low was 0.12%, and the FED worried about Deflation. Now, we are well above 5%, which is typically when the public starts getting concerned about inflation.
BLS Commissioner’s Inflation Report:
According to the BLS commissioner’s report,
“The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.4 percent in September on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.3 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 5.4 percent before seasonal adjustment.
The indexes for food and shelter rose in September and together contributed more than half of the monthly all items seasonally adjusted increase. The index for food rose 0.9 percent, with the index for food at home increasing 1.2 percent. The energy index increased 1.3 percent, with the gasoline index rising 1.2 percent.”
Seasonally Adjusted Inflation Components Table
The two major areas of inflation are Energy and Used Vehicles. Energy commodities are up a whopping 41.7%. These chemicals are used in a variety of other things like Paint, which drives up their prices. Gasoline is up 42.1% over the year while Natural Gas is “only” up 20.6%. The other major area of price increases is Used Cars which are up 24.4%. This is primarily due to a shortage of new vehicles due to the chip shortage. So as we can see, it is a cascade effect as one item causes shortages in other items further up the chain.
See: From Pandemic To 2021 Supply Chain Disruption for more information. We’ve also updated the Inflation Adjusted Corn prices chart.
September 2021 Inflation Situation
Last month we noted that the downtrend on the chart since 2010 no longer exists. Up until then, the linear regression line was tilted slightly downward. But as you can see, the current upward spike in inflation has shifted it upward. So looking only at this chart it is hard to believe that the long-term trend was down.
Another notable feature of this chart is the double peak in June and September. The key question at this point is whether October’s numbers will make a new high or whether it will fall from here. Monthly inflation was pretty normal for September, so if the 4th quarter comes in normal, we will see a leveling off at current levels. But normal 4th quarter monthly rates are much lower than 3rd quarter rates. So if the 4th quarter comes in at 3rd quarter rates we will see another major jump in inflation rates.
See Annual Inflation for more information.
Moore Inflation Predictor
For the last several months, we’ve included a higher than typical projection called “if the FED is wrong,” and it has (if anything) been too low. August’s projection fell exactly on the median “most likely” line. And although it’s difficult to see in September’s projection below, the actual line fell just a hair above the extreme high but still well below the “if the FED is wrong” projection. But we can also see how flat the normal projections are for the next few months. But that’s still a big “IF”.
See our Moore Inflation Predictor for this month’s projection.
Not Seasonally Adjusted Monthly Inflation Rates
As we can see from the table below, the monthly numbers for the 4th quarter of 2020 are very low. If 2021 numbers come in above those numbers, the annual inflation rate will rise.
See: Monthly Inflation Rate for more information and a complete table of Unadjusted Monthly Rates.
Federal Reserve Actions
The FED refused to commit to cutting back at their most recent meeting.
FED Funds Rate
As a matter of fact, they actually lowered the FED funds rate, albeit a minuscule 1/100% to 0.08% from 0.09%.
Chart Source St Louis FED.
For more info, See NYSE ROC and MIP.
The misery index fell along with the inflation rate and unemployment.
Inflation-Adjusted Price of Corn
We’ve updated the inflation-adjusted price of corn chart.
See: Inflation-Adjusted Price of Corn
NYSE Rate of Change (ROC)©
The NYSE ROC index is down at its moving average.
See the NYSE ROC for more info.
NASDAQ Rate of Change (ROC)©
The NASDAQ ROC, on the other hand, has fallen well below its moving average generating a Sell signal unless the NASDAQ spikes up in the next couple of months.
See NASDAQ ROC for more.
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