Current Annual inflation for the 12 months ending in October 2022 is 7.75%
Inflation is down slightly from the June peak, but even moderate inflation can rapidly erode purchasing power and creates uncertainty as businesses have more difficulty estimating future costs.
Based on the Rule of 72 if inflation is 7.2% it will take roughly 10 years for prices to double. But with 8.20% inflation, prices will double in roughly 8.8 years (72 ÷ 8.2% = 8.78 years).
Imagine what it would be like to pay twice as much for everything just over 8 years from now! Will your salary double as well?
Usually, high inflation rates also correspond to high interest rates as lenders need to compensate for the decline in purchasing power of future interest and principal repayments. This results in higher costs of doing business and place an overall drag on the economy.
The inflation rate plays an important role in determining the health of an economy. Countries with extremely high inflation rates are said to have hyperinflation and when this occurs the economy is often near collapse. See: Hyperinflation in Turkey and Argentina Today
U.S. Annual Inflation Rate in Percent
We calculate the Current Inflation rate (see table below) to two decimal places while the Bureau of Labor Statistics only calculates inflation to one decimal place. Therefore, while being based on the same government Consumer Price index (CPI-U) our data provides a "finer" view.
2022 is a perfect example, according to the government statistics March=8.5%, May=8.6%, and July=8.5%. However, our data shows inflation in March as 8.54%, May as 8.58%, July as 8.52%. Therefore we can see how close the inflation over this 3 month period really is.
In another example we see August 2003 and September with the Government saying inflation rates were 2.2% and 2.3% respectively. This would lead us to believe that inflation rose 0.1% during that period. In actuality however, it rose from 2.16% to 2.32% or a 0.16% increase, substantially more than 0.1%! Once again this finer view gives us a better picture that inflation might be rising more than it appeared to be.
For a more in depth commentary see Annual Inflation Rate Commentary
Current Annual Inflation Chart
The BLS Commissioner reported "The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.4 percent in October on a seasonally adjusted basis, the same increase as in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 7.7 percent before seasonal adjustment.
The index for shelter contributed over half of the monthly all items increase, with the indexes for gasoline and food also increasing. The energy index increased 1.8 percent over the month as the gasoline index and the electricity index rose, but the natural gas index decreased. The food index increased 0.6 percent over the month with the food at home index rising 0.4 percent."
On an annual (non-adjusted) basis inflation fell from 8.20% to 7.75%. Looking at the monthly changes in the chart below we can see that Food Increased 6/10ths of a percent while energy rose 1.8%. New vehicles rose 4/10ths of a percent while used vehicles fell -2.4%. Shelter, and Transportation rose, while medical care fell. Fuel oil was the biggest gainer with a massive almost 20% gain for the month and a 68.5% gain for the year.
For an interesting look at prices and wages see the price changes in various components of the Consumer Price Index over the last 20 years.
Seasonally Adjusted Inflation Components Table
The Inflation table below is updated monthly and provides the current Annual US Inflation Rate (not seasonally adjusted) in the right-hand column and the other columns show various monthly components on a Seasonally Adjusted basis. The Inflation rate is calculated using the Current Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) published monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. CPI Index Release Dates
Current Inflation TableFederal Reserve has a constant balancing act to try to reconcile the government's desires for higher inflation with the need for a healthy economy.
In an effort to convince people that inflation is really good, the government has a constant media circus going promoting the benefits of inflation and decrying the evils of deflation--- but what's so bad about falling prices?
Their major argument revolves around the "stimulating" effects of inflation. Basically it makes people feel richer until they eventually realize that each of their dollars now buys less. But in the meantime they tend to spend the "excess". This results in people buying things they wouldn't have, had they realized that their money was actually worth less than they thought. Eventually this results in a monetary "hangover" as the effects of their buying binge become apparent.
Inflation is largely a result of increases in the money supply months or even years previously. Because of this serious lag in the time between the money creation and the time it shows up in the economy the FED must estimate the impact their money creation efforts will have years in advance. The Federal Reserve tries to target a 2% inflation rate but often over or underestimates the effect their actions will have.
The Federal Reserve monitors the inflation rate for its targeting purposes using the "Core Inflation Rate" which excludes food and energy leading some people to mistakenly believe that the U.S. government doesn't track those items in the inflation rate. Actually the Bureau of labor statistics does track them but the FED simply excludes them for targeting purposes because they are volatile and subject to external forces unrelated to the money supply.
We believe a picture is worth a thousand words, so we track the recent inflation rate in chart form to give you a better sense of the current direction of inflation and also the longer term inflation trends.
The inflation rate is calculated using the Consumer Price Index or CPI.
To calculate inflation from a month and year to a later month and year, Try our Inflation calculator.
We also post the previous Inflation Rates in our Historical Inflation Tables. The Historical Consumer Price Index is also available in table format. You can instantly see the current inflation trend in our chart of the Annual Inflation Rate.
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