As the * cost of gas* goes up it becomes more and more important to use it more efficiently and therefore people become more interested in how much it is costing to drive a mile. It is relatively easy to calculate how many miles per gallon you are getting. Some cars actually calculate it for you as you are driving. But if yours doesn’t calculate the miles per gallon, you can easily do it yourself (although not “on the fly” as you are driving).

## How to Calculate Miles Per Gallon

Simply fill up your gas tank (make sure it is full i.e. the pump shuts off) and write down the mileage from your odometer. Then the next time you fill up (make sure it is as full as it was the first time) and write down the number of gallons (from the gas pump) and the mileage again from your odometer.

# Calculating Miles Per Gallon (mpg)

Now you have three numbers on your piece of paper, they are:

- Miles at the start of the tank (first fill)
- Miles at the end of the tank (second fill)
- Gallons used

### Here is the formula for calculating Miles per Gallon (MPG):

(end – start) = miles driven

Miles Driven / Gallons Used = MPG

So:

**The Miles per Gallon Formula is:**

**The Miles per Gallon Formula is:**

**Miles per Gallon Calculator**

If you’d like to see the * average cost of gas* in the U.S. or how gasoline prices have compared to overall inflation see Inflation adjusted Gasoline Prices.

Once you know your average miles per gallon (mpg), you can use our * Cost of Gas per Month calculator* to estimate how much you are spending on gasoline in an average month from this it will estimate your

*as well. By knowing how much you spend on gas you can get a better handle on your monthly commuting expenses and your overall budget.*

**average cost of gas per year****See Also:**

- Cost of Gas
- Calculating the Cost of Gas per Month
- Gas Prices (nominal and inflation adjusted)
- Crude Oil Prices (table)
- Oil Price History (Chart)
- Cost of Living comparison between any two cities in the U.S.
- Rate of Inflation
- Inflation Adjusted Gasoline Prices
- Gasoline vs. Crude Oil Prices
- Historical Gas Price Chart
- Current Average Cost of Gas by County
- Gasoline Taxes by State
- Average Cost of Gas Per Month
- Regarding Gas Inflation
- Gasoline Rewards Credit Cards
- More Inflation Adjusted Prices

Image courtesy of Salvatore Vuono/FreeDigitalPhotos.net

### About Tim McMahon

Connect with Tim on Google+.

Serenity Johnson says

I still don’t understand

Tim McMahon says

Sorry, I’ll try again. Whenever you see the word “per” you can substitute the words “divided by” so “miles per gallon” can be translated into “miles divided by gallons”. So if you drive 50 miles and it takes you 2 gallons you take 50 divided by 2 and get 25 miles per gallon. Miles/gallons=MPG.

Hope this helps.

David Zepeda-Lopez says

Haley bought a new truck for her landscaping business. She loves that it has space for all her equipment, but she wishes it got better gas mileage. She only gets 18.4 miles per gallon on the highway. If her gas tank holds 20.5 gallons, how far can she drive with a full tank???

Tim McMahon says

To calculate this you multiply the Miles per gallon times the number of gallons. Remember that “per” means divided by so the formula is (Miles / Gallons) x Gallons so the gallons cancel out and you are left with miles driven.

Starry Night says

What do you get if you split the number 1943 in half?

Tim McMahon says

971.5 or 971 1/2

Zayda Horrell- Vandermark says

Okay my gas gauge is broke and I put $25 worth of gas in at a $1.79 gallon how many gallons would that give me and how do I calculate that

Tim McMahon says

Zayda, Your gas gauge has nothing to do with the calculations. The formula is

Cost = cost per gallon times gallonsorTotal $= ($/gal)*Galthe tricky part is getting the cost and the gallons to switch sides in the formula. It gets really crazy if you try to move the Gal but if you move the ($/gal) it’s easy. So you divide both sides by ($/gal) and you get Total $ / ($/gal)= Gal or $25/$1.79 = 13.966 gallonsLorraine baker says

How many times will I fill up a uhaul truck 40 gal tank 17ft truck and it get 10 miles per gallon going 869.1 miles

Tim McMahon says

Lorraine,

This is a two step process first you need to calculate how many gallons you will need. To do this you divide miles by miles per gallon. The way you figure that this is the right formula is like this: Gallons= (G), Miles= (M), Miles per Gallon = (MPG) Per means divided by so MPG=M/G. So somehow we need to rearrange the formula so that we get G= something. We could just turn them both upside down and get 1/mpg=G/M then if you multiply both sides by M you get M/mpg=G or Gallons=M/mpg. So if you have 869.1 miles divided by 10 mpg you get 86.91 gallons. Since you have a 40 gallon tank you are going to need 2 full tanks and 6.91/40ths of a tank or say 7/40 or if you get a bit worse mpg maybe another 1/4 of a tank. But you aren’t going to be able use every last drop of gas before you refill so say you use 30 gallons and refill when you have about 1/4 of a tank left. That means you can go about 300 miles before you have to refill. 30 gal x 10 mpg = 300 miles. Remember MPG= Miles / Gallons so mpg=M/G this time we want Miles= something so we can just multiply both sides by gallons to get rid of the G on the bottom. So G x mpg = Miles. So you start with a full tank (the truck will probably only have a half a tank so you have to go straight to the gas station before you start. Then you drive 300 miles and fill up again (getting about 30 gallons), then you drive another 300 miles (30 more gallons) and fill up again trying to get it so you have a half tank left in the truck. Total gas used about 87 gallons.

Brad says

How many miles can you drive a pick up truck on a gallon of gas if it was made by Ford a newer pick up truck

Tim McMahon says

According to FORD statistics an F-150 gets “Up to” 19 city / 26 highway since these are generally optimistic and you drive a combination of both you could guess that you would get about 20 to 21 miles on a gallon of gas.

verliene bostick says

Im driving from Richfield ,Mn to Winchester , Va. 16 hr drive -34 mpg – $2.09 a gallon- 1,060 miles. How many times will I need to fill my gas tank one way?

Tim McMahon says

If you get 34mpg and drive 1060 miles it would take you 31.2 gallons. The cost per gallon doesn’t have any bearing on this problem but the size of your tank does. Obviously, if you have a 35-gallon tank you would only have to fill up at home and once you arrive. But if you have a 16-gallon tank you would have to fill up once in the middle. Except you never want to get down to the last gallon so you would probably want to fill up twice.

When taking a trip I use the gas Buddy Trip App it not only tells you how many times you need to fill up it also calculates the best places to fill up (based on price) along the way. It even asks you what model car you are driving so it will know what size tank you have. You can find it here: https://www.gasbuddy.com/TripCostCalculator

raymond washington says

How do I figured how many gallons I will need for a trip

Tim McMahon says

You need to know how many miles per gallon your car gets. If your car gets 20 mpg and you drive 200 miles you might intuitively guess that you need 10 gallons but how do you figure that? Miles per gallon means miles divided by gallons which is commonly written as mpg but also can be written m/g. So the formula is m= (m/g)*g because the g’s cancel out. So if you want to know g you have to move the m/g to the other side of the equation. To do that you multiply both sides by g/m. So the new equation looks like this: (g/m)*m= (g/m)*(m/g)*g so you cancel (g/m)*m=

~~(g/m)~~*~~(m/g)~~*g resulting in this (g/m)*m= g which is the same as m / (m/g).So Gallons = miles divided by mpg. or 200 miles / 20 mpg = 10 gallons.

Brad says

Tim,

If my annual gas cost was $860.31 and my tank holds 25 gallons and I paid an average of $2.00 per gallon and I average 15 miles to the gallon then how many miles were driven in 1 year?

Thanks,

BK

Tim McMahon says

Brad, Tank size is irrelevant.

Total Cost / (cost/gal)= gallons

Gal x (Miles/Gal) = Miles

So in your case that would be:

$860.31 /$2 = 430.155 gal

430.155 x 15 = 6,452.325 miles

The key is to sort your units so they cancel out and remember if you divide you invert and multiply.

Nancy Averitt-Campbell says

how much will it cost me to drive 90-getting 10 miles to gal.at $4.00 a gallon?

Tim McMahon says

To figure this out is a two step process. First how many gallons would you use?

To drive 90 miles getting 10 miles per gallon you would use 9 gallons.

90 miles / 10 mpg= 9 gallons

Why Divide by mpg?

Always remember mpg means miles per gallon and “per” always means “divided by”.

It always helps to sort out the units so you can find out the formula.

MPG could be written as m/g. So the units would be as follows: miles / (miles/gallon) = gallons.

Why? Invert and multiply. So miles / (miles/gallon) also equals miles x (gallons / miles)

Since you have one “miles” on top and one on bottom the miles cancel and you are left with gallons.

To find the answer (Dollars) use the formula: gallons x (Dollars per gallon) = Dollars

So 9 gallons at $4/gal = 9 x 4.00 = $36.00

Hope this helps!